Replace a Classic Root Site M365

Replacing root site with a new modern site is a two-step process. Make sure you have the latest PowerShell module for SharePoint Online installed (16.0.8812.1200 or later). To get the installed PowerShell module version, use the following:


Step 1: 

Create a new modern SharePoint site collection using a communication site template and customize it as per your requirements, such as adding necessary resources like document libraries, navigation, etc. You can also use any existing modern communication site in your SharePoint environment. This will be your new top-level site.

Step 2:

Execute the Invoke-SiteSwap cmdlet to start replacing the old site with the new One
Here is the SharePoint Online PowerShell script to swap a new SharePoint site in place of the old site collection. As its name suggests, the Invoke-SPOSiteSwap PowerShell command swaps a site collection with another one, while taking a backup of the source site collection. Also, it creates a site redirect from the source location to the target location (unless you disable it with -DisableRedirection switch!).

The Root site swap process may take a moment to complete. Please note that the source and target sites can’t connect to an Office 365 group. They also can’t be hub sites or associated with a hub (Remove the Hub site association before swapping and re-associate). Typically, it takes a few minutes to complete. All subsites contained with the source and target sites will be swapped, and this cmdlet takes the following parameters:

  • SourceURL – New site collection that you want to swap with your old site. The source site must be an existing classic team site (STS#0), Modern Team Site (STS#3), or Communication Site (SITEPAGEPUBLISHING#0)
  • TargetURL – This is your existing Classic site in the Office 365 tenant.
  • ArchiveURL – Archival URL is the location to archive an existing site. It must not currently exist (even as a deleted site in Recycle bin). This allows you to roll back your changes if required.

The Invoke-SPOSiteSwap cmdlet doesn’t convert your classic site collection into a modern one. Instead, it replaces the current site collection with another existing one! Moreover, any static link must be fixed manually.


In conclusion, replacing the classic root site collection with a modern site in SharePoint Online can be accomplished using either SharePoint Admin Center or PowerShell. This process can be useful when you’re looking to modernize your SharePoint Online environment and take advantage of the new features and functionalities available on modern sites. Overall, replacing the classic root site collection with a modern communication site that offers a modern user interface that is more visually appealing, Mobile-Friendly, advanced web parts, and intuitive, responsive user experience helps to increase productivity and collaboration.

Reset the video driver


To reset the video driver on Windows 10, you can use the keyboard shortcut Win + Ctrl + Shift + B.

This will cause the screen to flicker for a few seconds or go black for a second, and then everything will return to normal.

This method is safe and won’t affect running apps and opened documents. If the driver is misbehaving a lot, chances are that it has gone corrupt. Another way to restart the driver is by disabling and re-enabling the Display adapter from Device Manager. It is important to check if the Windows Key is not disabled as it can accidentally shift the focus.


Reset the Graphics Card Driver Using Device Manager

If you are still facing display issues even after applying the keyboard shortcut to refresh your graphics card driver, you can try resetting it with the Device Manager.

Device Manager is available on all Windows versions and provides a list of all the hardware components connected to your PC. Here, you can find the graphics card driver as well, which can be reset if needed.

Here are the steps to use the Device Manager to reset the graphics card driver:

  1. First, open the Device Manager by searching for it in the Windows search box and clicking on the Device Manager icon from the Start menu.launch device manager from start menu
  2. Then, locate and expand the Display adapters section in the Device Manager window.
  3. Right-click on your graphics card driver and select Properties from the context card properties
  4. Under the Properties window, switch to the Driver tab and click on the Disable Device button.disable graphics card driver
  5. Confirm the disable action and wait for a few moments.
  6. After the driver is disabled, again right-click on your graphics card driver, and select Properties from the menu that appears.
  7. Switch to the Driver tab, and click on the Enable Device button.enable device driver
  8. Wait for the driver to be re-enabled.

This action will reset your graphics card driver and may clear up any display issues you were having.

3. Uninstall and Reinstall the Graphics Driver to Reset It

If nothing else works, you can try uninstalling and reinstalling the graphics driver. Uninstalling the driver will remove it from your system completely, which should resolve any possible glitches or compatibility issues that might have been causing the display problems.

To uninstall and then reinstall the graphics card driver on Windows, follow these steps:

  1. First, open the Device Manager by searching for it in the Windows search box and clicking on the Device Manager icon from the Start menu.
  2. Then, locate and expand the Display adapters section.
  3. Right-click on your graphics card driver and select Uninstall device from the context menu.uninstall graphics driver
  4. Confirm the uninstall action to remove all its files completely.
  5. After the driver is removed, reboot your device.
  6. Windows will detect a missing driver and prompt you to install it automatically. If not, head to your graphics card manufacturer’s website and download the suitable drivers for your device.

More blank page tricks

Word for Microsoft 365, Word 20XX

Page breaks tell Word where to start a new page. A manual page break might be making an unwanted blank page in your document.

  1. To see manual page breaks, switch to showing paragraph marks: Press Ctrl+Shift+8.
  2. Now you can select the page break and delete it.

A page break at the bottom of a Word page

Section break problems

In the middle of a document, deleting section breaks can cause formatting problems. In these cases, try changing the section break to one that doesn’t generate a new page. Here’s how:

  1. Double select the section break.
  2. On the Layout tab of the Page Setup dialog box, select the Section start drop down and select Continuous.
  3. Select OK.

Odd, Even, and Next cause blank pages
Next Page, Odd Page, and Even Page section breaks may create a blank page in your document. If the blank page occurs at the end of your document and you have a section break there, place your cursor directly before the section break and press Delete.

Tip: To more easily find section breaks, try switching to Draft on the View tab.

Word Delete Blank Page

Word for Microsoft 365 Word for Microsoft 365 for Mac Word 2021

Word includes a non-deleteable end-paragraph that sometimes gets pushed out to a new, blank page at the end of a document. The way to delete the page is to make the end-paragraph fit onto the preceding page. The most sure-fire way is to make the end-paragraph very small (1 point):

  1. Press Ctrl+Shift+8 to show paragraph marks.
  2. Select the paragraph mark.
  3. Select inside the Font size box, type 01, and then press Enter .Setting font size to 1
  4. The paragraph now fits on the preceding page, removing the unwanted blank page.
  5. Press Ctrl+Shift+8 again to hide the paragraph marks (⌘+8 on a Mac).

If that paragraph still doesn’t fit on the preceding page, you can make the bottom margin smaller (Layout tab > Margins Custom Margins, and set the bottom margin to something small, like 0.3 inches).

Tip: If the paragraph mark has a square bullet next to it, the paragraph might have the Page break before option turned on. To turn it off, right-select the empty paragraph, select Paragraph Settings (Home tab), and on the Lines and Page Breaks tab of the dialog box, uncheck Page break before.

Word – Delete a page

Word for Microsoft 365 Word for Microsoft 365 for Mac Word 2021

To delete a page that contains text, graphics, or empty paragraphs, select the content to delete, and press Delete. You can also do this:

  1. Click or tap anywhere in the page you want to delete, press Ctrl+G.
  2. In the Enter page number box, type \page.
  3. Press Enter on your keyboard, and then select Close.
  4. Verify that a page of content is selected, and then press Delete on your keyboard.

To remove blank pages in the middle or at the end of your document, see Delete a blank page.

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Microsoft Edge Cache

How to Hard Refresh and Reload a Page in Edge Under Windows 10?

Many time this happens when you are customizing a page and will not refresh and continues to use the cached page. In this case, the best thing to do is to refresh and reload the Page in the Edge Browser Cache.

The normal way to reload a page is to click on the page refresh icon at the top left of the browser next to the address bar. However if a page has a long “Time To Live” (TTL) the browser will reload the cached page and not fetch a new copy of the modified page.

To force Edge to clear the page from cache you must do a hard refresh by pressing the “Ctrl” key on the keyboard and then click on the refresh icon on the left side of the search bar.

Microsoft Power Platform | Apps

How to build intelligent, cross-device apps with little to no code, here is a demo by Microsoft’s, Charles Lamanna

Now you can use the Power Platform to build low to zero code, intelligent, scalable, and automated, cross-device apps in a fraction of the time. You’ll see a demonstration of the latest updates from AI Builder to help you to more easily infuse intelligence into your apps and processes. Plus, check out Robotic Process Automation, for next-gen user interface automation, that uses machine learning to modernize how you can now interact with your legacy apps. At Microsoft Ignite 2019, this was session THR2274: Microsoft Power Platform: Going under the hood of Microsoft Dynamics 365, PowerApps, Microsoft Flow, and Power BI with Charles Lamanna. Charles Lamanna is the Corporate Vice President for Citizen Application Platform. This includes PowerApps, Microsoft Flow, Common Data Service, AI Builder, and the Dynamics 365 Platform. Charles has worked across many products at Microsoft, including Exchange Online, Microsoft Azure, and Dynamics 365. Charles originally joined Microsoft in 2013 when MetricsHub, a company he founded, was acquired by Microsoft and integrated into Microsoft Azure.